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1.0 About the Programme

1.1 Name of the Programme: Bachelor of Arts (B.A) French

1.2 Programme Code: 2206

1.3. Description of the Programme

The Bachelor of Arts (BA) Programme in French is intended to provide an opportunity to a large number of students who want to upgrade their knowledge for the changing needs in the in the era of globalisation. Being surrounded by Francophone neighbours and as an active participant in African and world politics, Nigerian policy makers, diplomats and ordinary citizens always encounter problems of communication in the Francophone environment. As such, they either require the urgent need of Translator/Interpreter or they are compelled to go and do a crash programme in French Studies, so as to operate without hindrance. Learning French language through Open distance learning would provide an opportunity to remove communication barriers.

 

2.0. Programme Philosophy, Vision, Mission and Objectives

2.1 Philosophy

The philosophy of the B.A French programme is premised on the provision of in-depth, functional, cost-effective, flexible distance learning of French language so as to enhance their knowledge of French Language in understanding social, economic and political events, as well as issues about Nigeria in relationship with the rest of the World, especially the Francophonie world.

 

2.2. Vision

To provide a broad base knowledge of French Studies to learners in Nigeria, not only to enable them overcome language barriers but also discover other valuable knowledge that is inscribed in French language.

 

2.3. Mission

To inculcate in learners a working knowledge of French language, as well as a good understand of Francophone studies.

 

2.4. Aims and Objectives

 

The B.A. French programme of the University is designed to include the French language, French literature, African literature written in French. It also includes studies on French culture and civilization, Francophone African culture and civilization as well as an overview of the Francophonie in the world affairs. This is to make the programme provide a holistic knowledge to our students. Thus, upon successful completion of the programme, graduates should be able to:

 

  • Show effective mastery of the French language in its various applications
  • Achieve adequate self-expression and self-actualisation 
  • Exhibit preparedness for postgraduate studies in the French language, linguistics, literary studies,  and/or communication studies
  • Engage in teaching of French in Nigerian schools and colleges 
  • Overcome deficiencies in their spoken and written French
  • Develop a sound critical faculty in the analysis of literary texts or any type of text at all written in French
  • Show a disciplined flare for the creation of literary pieces in French language
  • Demonstrate ability to decipher hidden nuances in texts of all kinds, visual or literal
  • Use linguistic ability to contribute to national development through appropriate usage of French knowledge.

 

  1. Entry Requirement

 

  1. Admission Requirements:

 

To be admitted for the Bachelor of Arts in French a candidate is expected to have:

  1. Five (5) credit passes including the  following subjects English Language, French and at least a pass in Mathematics at not more than two sittings at the WAEC or NECO.

 

OR

 

National Diploma level Certificates, Diploma in French from the Nigeria French Language Village or a minimum of B1 (DELF/DALF) of Alliance Française, with merit pass in French in addition to three O’ level credit passes, one of which must be English Language and a pass in Mathematics.

 

  1. For Direct Entry, candidates who possess Nigerian Certificate in Education (NCE) may be considered. Candidates with the requirements in “A” above plus a B2, C1 and C2 (DELF/DALF) of the Alliance Française may be considered for entry at 200 level of the programme.

 

  1. Programme Structure

The B.A. French programme is structured in a minimum of 8 semesters and a maximum of 16 semesters, for students entering at 100 levels as shown below. However, a minimum of 6 semesters and a maximum of 12 semester structures can be attempted if the entry level is at 200.

  1. Degree Rules

For graduation with a B.A in French, students must have a minimum of 120 credit units of Core and Elective Courses for an 8-Semester Structure, or a minimum of 90 credit units of Core and Elective courses for a 6-semester structure.

  1. Outline Of Course Structure

 

100 Level

First Semester

 

S/N

Course Code

Course Title

Units

Status

 

1

GST101

Use of English and Communication Skills I

2

C

 

2

GST103

Computer Fundamentals

2

C

 

3

GST105

History and Philosophy of Science

2

C

 

4

GST107

The Good Study Guide

2

C

 

5

FRE101                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

French Grammar I

2

C

 

6

FRE111

Language Laboratory Work/Oral French I

2

C

 

7

FRE121

Textual Analysis /Practical French I

2

C

 

8

FRE131

Introduction to Composition Writing in French

2

E

 

9

FRE141

Introduction to French Literary Genre I (Prose)

2

C

 

10

LIN111

Introduction to Linguistics I

2

E

 

11

INR113

Introduction to Peace Education

3

E

 

12

POL111

Elements of Political Science

3

E

 

13

PCR115

Introduction to Conflict Resolution Processes I

3

E

 

 

 

Minimum Credit Units Required

GST and other General Courses                                                            

Core Courses (Specialisation Area)

Minimum elective required

Sub-Total =

Maximum Credit Unit

 

8

8

2

18

   24

 

 

 

Second Semester

 

1

GST102

Use of English and Communication Skills II

2

C

 

2

GST104

Use of Library

2

C

 

3

CIT102

Application Software Skills

2

C

 

4

FRE102

French Grammar II

2

C

 

5

FRE112

Oral and Aural Comprehension II

2

C

 

6

FRE122

Textual Analysis/Practical French II

2

C

 

7

FRE132

Composition Writing in French: Informal & Formal Writing

2

E

 

8

FRE142

Introduction to French Literary Genre II (Drama & Poetry)

2

C

 

9

LIN112

Introduction to Linguistics II

2

E

 

10

INR142

Introduction to Public Administration

2

E

 

11

PCR114

Introduction to Conflict Resolution Process II

3

E

 

 

 

Minimum Credit Units Required

 

 

 

 

 

GST and other General Courses                                                         

 6

 

 

 

 

Core Courses (Specialisation Area)

8

 

 

 

 

Minimum elective required

 2

 

 

                                   Sub-Total =                                                                                     16

                                   Maximum Credit Unit                                                                    24

 

200 Level

First Semester

1

GST201

Nigerian Peoples and Cultures

2

C

2

FRE201

Advanced Studies in Oral and Written Comprehension in French I

2

C

3

FRE211

French Grammar and Composition I (from FRE221 to FRE211)

2

C

4

FRE221

Creative Writing in French I

2

C

5

FRE231

Introduction to French Phonetics and Phonology

2

C

6

FRE241

Introduction to Francophone African Literature

2

C

7

FRE251

Critical Appreciation of Literature

2

C

8

INR211

International Law and Diplomacy in the 19th Century

     2

E

9

ENG251

Language and Society

3

E

10

INR231

South-South Cooperation

2

E

11

POL211

Nigerian Legal System

3

E

 

 

Minimum Credit Units Required

 

 

 

 

GST and other General Courses                                                            

2

 

 

 

Core Courses (Specialisation Area)

12

 

 

 

Minimum elective required

 2

 

 

 

Sub-Total =

    16

 

 

 

Maximum Credit Unit

24

 

 

Second Semester

1

GST202

Fundamentals of Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution

2

C

2

GST204

Entrepreneurship and Innovation

2

C

3

FRE202

Advanced Studies in Oral & Written Comprehension in French II

2

C

4

FRE212

French Grammar and Composition II (FROM FRE222 TO FRE212)

2

C

5

FRE222

Creative Writing in French II

2

C

6

FRE232

Survey of French Literature (16th & 17th Centuries)

2

E

7

FRE242

French Culture and Civilisation

2

C

8

INR212

International Law and Diplomacy in the 20th Century

3

E  

9

INR222

Europe from French Revolution to the World

3

E

10

INR232

Introduction to Foreign Policy

2

E

11

INR242

Pre-Colonial African Diplomacy

3

E

12

POL214

Introduction to Political Analysis

3

E

 

 

Minimum Credit Units Required

GST and other General Courses                                                            

Core Courses (Specialisation Area)

Minimum elective required

Sub-Total =

Maximum Credit Unit

 

4

8

 2

14

24

 

 

 

300 Level

First Semester

1

FRE301

Translation (FRE391)

2

C

2

FRE311

Advanced Studies in French Phonetics (FRE331)

2

C

3

FRE321

Advanced Studies in French Language Structure I

2

C

4

FRE331

Advanced Formal and Informal Writing in French I

2

E

5

FRE341

Oral Communication Skills in French I

2

C

6

FRE351

French Literature in the 18th Century

2

E

7

FRE361

Introduction to Francophone African Novel

2

C

8

FRE371

Introduction to the French Novel

2

C

9

INR321

Foreign Policy Analysis

3

E

10

INR331

International Law

3

E

 

 

Minimum Credit Units Required

GST and other General Courses                                                            

Core Courses (Specialisation Area)

Minimum elective required

Sub-Total =

Maximum Credit Unit

 

12

 2

14

24

 

 

 

Second Semester

1

GST302

Business Creation and Growth

2

C

2

FRE302

Translation (Theme et Version)

2

C

3

FRE312

Introduction to Research

2

C

4

FRE322

Advanced Studies in French Language Structure II

2

C

5

FRE332

Advanced Formal and Informal Writing in French II

2

E

6

FRE342

Oral Communication Skills in French II

2

C

7

FRE352

French Literature in the 19th Century

2

E

8

FRE362

Francophone African Culture and Civilisation

2

C

9

FRE372

The Caribbean Literature in French

2

E

10

FRE382

Comparative African Literature in English and French

2

E

11

INR312

Diplomacy in the 20th Century 

3

E

12

INR322

Strategic Studies in the 20th Century

3

E

13

ENG318

African-American and Caribbean Literature

2

E

 

 

Minimum Credit Units Required

GST and other General Courses                                                            

Core Courses (Specialisation Area)

Minimum elective required

Sub-Total =

Maximum Credit Unit

 

2

10

2

14

24

 

 

400 Level

First Semester

1

FRE401

Advanced Translation I 

2

C

2

FRE411

Applied Linguistics (FRE423)

2

E

3

FRE421

Advanced Studies in French Language Structure III

2

C

4

FRE431

Advanced Creative Writing in French

2

C

5

FRE451

20th Century French Literature

2

C

6

FRE461

Post-Independence Francophone African Literature: Prose and Drama

2

C

7

FRE471

Cultures and Civilisation of Member Countries of the Francophone

2

C

8

INR431

International Relations of Francophone West Africa

2

E

9

PCR417

International Relations and Security

3

E

10

ENG453

Language and National Development

 3

E

 

 

Minimum Credit Units Required

GST and other General Courses                                                            

Core Courses (Specialisation Area)

Minimum elective required

Sub-Total =

Maximum Credit Unit

 

12

2

14

24

 

 

Second Semester

1

FRE402

Advanced Translation II

2

C

2

FRE412

Multilingualism and Language Contact

2

E

3

FRE422

Advanced Studies in French Language Structure IV

2

C

4

FRE424

Project in French

6

C

5

FRE432

Francophone African Literature (Theatre and Poetry)

2

E

6

FRE452

21st Century French Literature 

2

E

7

FRE454

Nigerian Literature of French Expression

2

C

8

INR412

Foreign Policies of Great Powers

2

E

9

ENG414

Speech Writing

2

E

10

TRS420

Safety Issues and World Conflict Centres/Situations

2

E

 

 

GST

 

 

 

Core

12

 

 

 

Elective

2

 

 

 

Total

14

 

 

 

Grand Total

24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Summary of Distribution of Course Credit at all Levels

 

LEVEL

GST and Other general courses

Core Courses

Elective (Minimum)

Total

First Semester 

Second Semester

100

14

08

08

4

34

200

6

12

08

4

30

300

2

12

10

4

28

400

12

12

4

28

Total

22

44

38

16

120

 

 

  1. Course content specifications/syllabus of all courses in the Programme

 

FIRST YEAR

GST101: Use of English and Communication Skills I (2 Credit Units C)

It comprises of listening enabling skills, listening and comprehending comprehension, note taking and information retrieval. This includes data, figures, diagrams and charts. Listening for main idea, interpretation and critical evaluation. Effective reading. skimming and scanning. Reading and comprehension at various speed levels. Vocabulary development in various academic contexts. Reading diverse texts in narratives and expository. Reading and comprehension passages with tables, scientific texts. Reading for interpretation and critical evaluation.

 

GST105: History and Philosophy of Science (2 Credit Units C)

General description of the nature and basic scientific methods and theories; History of western science and science in ancient times, middle ages and the rise of modern science; An overview of African science, man and his environment and natural resources; Nature, scope and technological development and innovations; Great scientists of Nigerian origin.

 

GST107: The Good Study Guide (2 Credit Units C)

Getting started: How to use the book, why read about study skills, getting yourself organized, what is studying all about, reading and note taking: Introduction, reactions to reading, your reading strategy, memory, taking notes, conclusion. Other ways of studying: Introduction, learning in groups, note taking and lectures, learning from T.V. and Radio broadcasts, other study media. Working with numbers: Getting to know numbers, describing the world, describing the tables, describing with diagrams and graphs, what is good writing? The importance of writing, what does an essay look like? What is a good essay? Conclusion. How to write essays: Introduction, the craft of writing, the advantages of treating essay writing as a craft, making your essay flow, making a convincing case, the experience of writing. Preparing for examination.

 

 

FRE101: French Grammar I (2 Credit Units C)

Identification, formation, analysis and grammatical usage of Parts of speech in French: Article, Noun, Pronoun, Adjective, Verb, Adverb, Preposition, Conjunction and Interjection; Definition of each of these parts of speech, their importance in Grammar of French, how to use them in forming grammatically correct sentences.

 

 

FRE111: Language Laboratory Works/Oral French (2 Credit Units C)

Development of skills in written and verbal communication that enhance reading, writing, listening and speaking skills, Definition and Identification of Oral vowel sounds, Definition and Identification of Nasal vowel and semi-vowel sounds, Definition, Identification and general consideration of Consonant sounds, Definition, Identification, usage and general consideration of Silent letters in French, Definition, Identification, usage and general consideration of French accents in pronunciation, Definition, Identification, usage and general consideration of The principles of liaison in French, Definition, Identification, usage and general consideration of Élision and enchaînement in French, Intonation and stress in French, French diphthongs and triphthongs, Reading skills development and Pronouncing difficult words, Pronunciation of verb endings, Liaison, élision and enchaînement, Intonation in texts, monothongs, diphthongs and triphthongs; greetings and introduction, Buying and Selling, Consulting professionals for services, Telephone conversations, Hotel and Restaurant, Dictation exercises.

 

 

FRE121: Textual Analysis/ Practical French I (2 Credit Units C)

Definition, Identification, formation, analysis and grammatical usage of Textual Analyses to teach Grammar of French, Methods of Textual Analyses, Types of texts to be analysed, Critical and Logical study French texts so as to be able to analyse them grammatically, Derivation and Explanation of Grammatical Analyses derived from texts analysed.

 

 

FRE131: Introduction to Composition Writing in French (2 Credit Units E)

Development of skills in the practice of writing French with emphasis on narrative and descriptive forms. Definition of Composition, Types of composition, Definition of Essay, Types of Essay: Narrative, Descriptive and Empirical, Definition of Narrative Essay, Definition of Descriptive Essay, Definition of Empirical Essay, Method of Writing good Composition, Examples of Narrative Essay, Examples of Descriptive Essay, Examples of Empirical Essay.

 

FRE141: Introduction to French Literary Genre I: (Prose) (2 CREDIT UNITS C)

This course introduces students to the literary genres in French, using simple French Prose texts particularly from the “Francais’ Facile” series.

 

LIN111 INTRODUCTION TO LINGUISTICS I (2 CREDIT UNITS E)   

What is Linguistics? Language and Linguistics, History of Linguistics, The nature of (Human) Language, Human Language versus Animal Language, Linguistic knowledge and performance, Language, Brain and the Mind, The Evolution of Language, The Autonomy of Language, Formal descriptions of Language, Grammar and types of Grammar (Descriptive, Prescriptive, and Teaching), Language Universals, Language in Society, Language and Culture; Sign Language; Language Varieties; Contrastive Linguistics; Sociolinguistics

 

 

INR111: Introduction to International Studies (2 Credit Units E)

Definition and Nature of international studies, Introduction to some international concepts and implementations of international studies, Development in some basic skills of international relations and politics, Orientation on History of International Economics and Trade, Element of power and International interaction, interdependence,  Major concepts of politics like Alliance, Balance of power, Universal, Regional and National Security systems, International Politics like Diplomacy, Foreign Aid, Bargaining and Negotiation, Sanctions and International Technical Assistance.

 

INR121: Structure of the International System (2 Credit Units E)

Definition of International Relations, history of International Relations, Evolution of International Relations from the post-cold war era to date, Current Discussion on relations between European states and their impact on the emergence of contemporary international system.

 

 

POL111: Elements of Political Science (2 Credit Units E)

Definition of Government and Types of Government, Definition of political system and Nature of political system, implementations and practice of political system in our society, Types of Political System, Development of Political System, Formation of Government and Agents of Government in Political Settings, Separation of Power and the rule of Law in Political System.

 

GST102: Use of English and Communication Skills II (2 Credit Units C)

Writing paragraphs: Topic sentence and coherence. Development of paragraphs: illustration, Description, cause and effect including definitions. Formal letters; essential parts and stylistic forms, complaints and requests; jobs, ordering goods, letters to government and other organizations. Writing reports; reporting event, experiments. Writing summaries: techniques of summarizing letters and sounds in English, vowels and consonants. Interviews, seminar presentation, public speech making, articles, concord and sentences including tenses. Gerund, participles, active, passive and the infinitive. Modal auxiliaries.

 

CIT102: Application Software Skills (2 Credit Units C)

Brief description of computer system: CPU, I/O devices; Operating systems; Computer File Management; Computer Software: overview, types, etc.; Application software: common application software; Using Microsoft Word; Using Microsoft Excel; Features of Database Applications and Microsoft Access; Statistical Analysis Applications; Using SPSS software; Introduction to Desktop Publishing applications; Computer applications in Nursing; Computer applications in Agriculture; Managing the computer system with the Control Panel.

 

FRE102: French Grammar II (2 Credit Units C)

Identification of conjugation groups, Conjugation of er and other regular verbs into présent de l’indicatif, Conjugation of re irregular verbs into présent de l’indicatif, Conjugation of ir/oir irregular verbs into présent de l’indicatif, Conjugation of impersonal and reflexive verbs into présent de l’indicatif , Conjugation of er and other regular verbs into futur simple, Conjugation of irregular verbs into futur simple, Conjugation of impersonal and reflexive verbs into futur simple, Conjugation of verbs with auxiliary avoir into passé compose, Conjugation with auxiliary être into passé compose, Conjugation of impersonal and reflexive verbs into passé compose, Agreement of  passé compose, Conjugation of er and other regular verbs into l’imparfait, Conjugation of irregular verbs into present de l’imparfait, Conjugation of impersonal and reflexive verbs into l’imparfait, Conjugation of verbs into imperative (positive and negative), Conjugation of verbs into conditionnel present, Conjugation of verbs into conditionnel passé, Conjugation of verbs into subjonctif present,  Conjugation of verbs into subjonctif passé.

 

FRE112: Composition Writing in French (2 Credit Units C)

Informal and formal writing with practice in the writing of letters and reporting of simple events. This course enables students to use the various registers of the written French Language.

 

FRE122: Textual Analysis/Practical French II (2 Credit Units C)

Advanced definition, Identification, formation, analysis and grammatical usage of Textual Analyses to teach Grammar of French, Methods of Textual Analyses, Types of texts to be analysed, Critical and Logical study French texts so as to be able to analyse them grammatically, Advanced and explicit Explanation of Grammatical Analysis derived from texts analysed. This Course is a follow up to FRE 109.

 

FRE132: Introduction to Francophone African Culture and Civilisation (2 Credit Units E)

Historical and Geographical perspective of Francophone African Countries, The  Social life of Francophone African Countries, The  Political life of Francophone African Countries, The  cultural life of Francophone African Countries, The  economic life of Francophone African Countries, Teaching and learning in Francophone African Countries, Religion in Francophone African Countries, Festivals in Francophone African Countries, Music and Song in Francophone African Countries, Marriage and Family in Francophone African Countries, Economy of Francophone African Countries, Transportation in Francophone African Countries, Leisure and Tourism in Francophone African Countries, Trade Unionism in Francophone African Countries, Francophone African Countries and the Francophonie.

 

FRE142: Introduction to French Literary Genre II (Drama & Poetry) (2 CREDIT UNITS C)

Using simple poems and plays, the student will be introduced to the main elements of the poetry and drama as literary genres.

 

LIN112 INTRODUCTION TO LINGUISTICS II (2 CREDIT UNITS E)

Introduction- Review of Part 1, Introduction to Phonology and Distinctive Features; Phonetics: Phoneme; Morphology: Morpheme and Words; Syntax: the Sentence; Semantics: Meaning; Pragmatics; Discourse Analysis; Language acquisition (First and Second); Language and Technology; Language and Development (issues of exclusion); Historical Linguistics and Language Change; Applied Linguistics; Psycholinguistics; Writing Systems/Orthography development; Modern Schools of Thought; Linguistic Methodologies; Language Documentation; Corpus Linguistics.

 

INR112: Introduction to Law and Diplomacy in Pre-Colonial Africa (2 Credit Units E)

Definition of Law, Definition of Diplomacy, Historical Perspective of Pre-Colonial Africa, the types of inter-state law prevalent in Pre-colonial Africa, how they were used for the purpose of inter-state relations: Detailed and thorough investigation of how the aims and purpose of diplomacy were achieved in Africa, Methods of tracing the origins and source of international law in Pre-colonial African, Nature and uses of contractual obligations and inter-state agreements,  General principles of force, settlement of disputes and pre-colonial diplomatic matters.    

 

INR122: Concepts in International Relations (2 Credit Units E)

Definition of  International Relations, Scope International Relations, Importance International Relations, Historical Perspective of International Relations, Concepts of International Relations such as collective security, balance of power, nation-states as actors in the international system, Problems encountered in international Diplomacy, Approaches in solving problems encountered in international Diplomacy, Deterrence in International Relations e.t.c.

 

 

INR132: Africa and the West (2 Credit Units E)

Historical Perspective of Relationship existing between Africa and the West, The changing patterns of the relations between African States and the countries of Europe and America since the colonial period, The influence of the West on the relations of African states and the place of Africa in the rivalry between the East and the West, the emerging new world order.

 

SECOND YEAR

GST201:  Nigerian Peoples and Cultures (2 CREDIT UNITS C)

Nigerian history, culture and arts in pre-colonial times; Nigerians’ perception of their world; culture areas of Nigeria and their characteristics; evolution of Nigeria as a political unit; indigene/settler phenomenon; concepts of trade; economic self- reliance; social justice; individual and national development; norms and values; negative attitudes and conducts (cultism and related vices); re-orientation of moral and national values; moral obligations of citizens; environmental problems.

 

FRE201: Advanced Study in Oral and Written Comprehension I (2 Credit Units C)

Definition and Identification of various registers of French language, Critical and Analytical Study of French and Francophone Newspaper Articles, Critical and Analytical Study of French and Francophone official and Administrative document, Critical and Analytical Study of French and Francophone Commercial Documents, Critical and Analytical Study of French and Francophone Scientific Documents, Critical and Analytical Study of French and Francophone Technical Documents, Critical and Analytical Study of French and Francophone Literary Documents and excerpts.

 

FRE211: French Grammar and Composition I (2 Credit Units C)

Grammatical analysis from Morphological point of view, Definition of French Morphology, Scope of French Morphology, Branches and Types of French Morphology; Definitions, form, Types and Uses of ‘Emprunts’ (Borrowing) in French Morphology; Definitions, form, Types and Uses of Affixations in French Morphology; Definitions, form, Types and Uses of ‘Les Compositions’ (Compounding) in French Morphology; Definitions, form, Types and Uses of ‘Les Onomatopeas’ in French Morphology; Definitions, form, Types and Uses of ‘Les Initiaux ou Les Acronymes’ (Acronyms) in French Morphology; Definitions, form, Types and Uses of ‘Les Mots abrégés’ (Shortened Words) in French Morphology; Importance of French Morphology. Definitions of Compositions, Types of Compositions, Methods of writing good Composition.

 

FRE221: Creative Writing in French I (2 Credit Units C)

The course will enable students to use various registers of the French Language to write simple imaginative stories and report on events taking place around them.

 

FRE231: Introduction to French Phonetics and Phonology (2 Credit Units C)

Definition of French phonology, General introduction to French phonology, Scope of French phonology, Nature of French phonology, Methods of Phonological inquiry and analyses in French phonology, Comparative Studies of Relationship between Phonetics and French Phonology, Comparative Studies of structural framework of Phonetics and French Phonology , Basic principles of French phonology, Basic tenets and analysis of French phonology based on the phonetic theories, Application of the distinctive feature theory to French phonology and Application of the generative phonology to French phonology.

 

FRE241: Introduction to Francophone African Literature (2 Credit Units C)

The course defines Francophone African literature, focusing on the oral form such as the folktales, myth, legends and proverbs, its evolution from the oral to the written form, with emphasises on early writings on Africa and Africans and by Africans before independence. It will analyse the messages or Philosophy of Francophone African literature written in French, Movements or Schools of thought in Francophone African literature written in French such as Negritude, Colonial era, Pre-Independence Francophone African literature written in French.

 

FRE251: Critical Appreciation of Literature (2 Credit C)

This is an introductory course to the study of literature. It is designed to expose students to the practice of literary appreciation and its written expressions such as “L’explication de texte” “Le resume de texte”, “L’analyse litteraire” and “Le commentaire de texte”.

 

ENG251 Language and Society (2 Credit Units E)

Language as a Social phenomenon and its functions; social factors of language use; Language varieties: Dialect, accent and sociolect; register; style; standard, non- standard, native and non-native; deviant/restricted varieties (slang, jargon, grafitti); new varieties (email, text messaging); languages in contact (pidgin and Creole); Language typologies; anthropology; language learning and language acquisition; bilingualism/multilingualism; language policy; language planning, maintenance, shift and death; discourse analysis; code switching, interference and borrowing; linguistic imperialism; sociolinguistic situation of Nigeria; sociolinguistics and other disciplines. 

 

INR231: South-South Co-Operation (2 Credit Units E)

Definitions and Meanings of Inter-States/Nations Cooperation, Importance  of Inter-States/Nations Cooperation, Historical Perspective/Origin of Inter-States/Nations Cooperation, Scope of Inter-States/Nations Cooperation, Limitations of Inter-States/Nations Cooperation, Issues of mutual interest to countries of Africa, Issues of mutual interest to countries of Asia, Issues of mutual interest to countries of Latin America, Forging of co-operation in negotiations with the North such as in WTO and the General Assembly, Promotion of common interest in trade, Promotion of common interest in military, Promotion of common interest in strategic issues and the environment.

 

INR251: Evolution of Modern International System (2 Credit Units E)

Definitions of International System, Historical Perspective/Origin of International System, Scope of International System, Evolution of Modern International System, Limitations, Problems and Constraint of Modern International System, Examination of Issues such as sovereignty, nation-state, nationalism and balance of power as factors in modern global politics, Examination of the emergence of the international system especially since the Treaty of Westphalia, Exploration of the nature of international politics since then,  Types of Modern Inter state law prevalent in the Modern World, Methods of tracing the origins and source of international system in the World, Nature and uses of contractual obligations and inter-state agreements in the International Community,  General principles of force in the International Community, settlement of disputes in the International Community: the Hague system, the concert of Europe etc.

 

FRE202: Advanced Studies in Oral and Written Comprehension in French II (3 Credit Units C)

Advanced definitions of oral French, the scope of Oral French in the teaching and learning of French language, Advanced manner in handling and utilising French and Francophone documents (songs, short plays, etc) to help the students to communicate and express themselves freely, Advanced method of creation of vocabulary, Advanced method of conversing in French Language.

 

 

FRE212: French Grammar and Composition II (3 Credit Units C)

Grammatical analysis from Semantological point of view, Definition of French Semantics, Scope of French Semantics, Branches and Types of French Semantics; Definitions, form, Types and Uses of Synonyms in French Semantics; Definitions, form, Types and Uses of Antonyms in French Semantics; Definitions, form, Types and Uses of Homonyms in French Semantics; Definitions, form, Types and Uses of Homophones in French Semantics; Definitions, form, Types and Uses of Homographs in French Semantics; Importance of French Semantology. Definition, Analyses and Use of Noun Phrase, Determinants, Adjective and Adjectival Phrase, Verbal Phrase, Adverbial Phrase and Prepositional Phrase.  Conjugation and Utilisation of Verbs conjugated into plus-que parfait, the ‘passé’ anterieur” and the futur anterieur’ of the indicative mood, present de l’indicatif and the past tenses. Advanced Definitions of Compositions, Illustration of Various Types of Compositions and Utilisation of Various Methods of Writing good Composition.

 

FRE222: Creative writing in French II (2 Credit Units C)

This is a continuation of FRE 231. It involves more work beyond what would have been done in FRE 231.

 

FRE232: Introduction to French Literature (Prose, Poetry & Drama) (3 Credit Units E)

Definition of French literature, Focus of French literature, Scope of French literature, Historical Perspective/Origin of French literature, Importance of French literature, The three types of Genre in French Literature: Poetry, Prose and Drama. Literary appreciation through figures of speech, Analysis of the aesthetic function of French Literature, Messages or Philosophy of French literature, Movements or Schools of thought in  French literature such as “Le Classicme, Le Romantisme” etc.

 

FRE242: Introduction to French Culture and Civilisation (2 Credit Units C)

Historical and Geographical perspective of France, The Renaissance period, The Revolution of 1789, The  Socio-Political Implications of the Revolution, The Republics, Political live, Imperialism, Industrial Revolution and Colonisation; French cultural, social political and economic life in France and how it affects cultural development in Francophone African countries; Teaching and learning in France, Religion in France, Festivals in France, Music and Song in France, Marriage and Family in France, French Economy, Transportation, Leisure and Tourism, Social Security, Trade Unionism and the Francophonie.

 

INR 232: Introduction to Foreign Policy (2 Credit Units E)

Definition of Foreign Policy, Scope of Foreign Policy, Nature of Foreign Policy, Types or Branches of Foreign Policy, Methods of Making Good of Foreign Policy, Methods of Implementation of Foreign Policy, Analyses and Appraisal of Foreign Policy, Factors affecting the Making of Foreign Policy; Impact of National Interest, Domestic Policy, Good Neighbourliness, Signed Charters, Earlier Commitments to Alliances  etc on the making of Foreign Policy, Limitations of Foreign Policy, Influences on Foreign Policy, Constraints in the Making and Implementation of Foreign Policy,

 

 

THIRD YEAR

FRE301: Introduction to Translation (3 Credit Units C)

Definition of Translation, Scope of Translation, Nature of Translation, Types or Branches of Translation: Literal, Theme, Calque, Equivalent etc, Methods of Translation: Methods of French-English Translation and Methods of English-French Translation, Samples of Practical Translation of some English texts, Samples of Practical Translation of some French texts, Analyses of some selected French Texts Translations, Analysis of some selected English Texts Translations, Influence of Grammar of English and French on Translation.

 

 

FRE311: Advanced Studies in French Phonetics and Phonology (3 Credit Units C)

Definitions of Phonetics, Scope of Phonetics, Nature of Phonetics, Branches and Types of Phonetics, Importance of Phonetics in the Language Study, Phonetics and the Linguistic Movements; Phonetics and the Traditional School of Thought, Phonetics and the Structural School of Thought, Phonetics and the Generative School of Thought, Current Trends in the Study of Phonetics, Methods of Phonetic Analyses of Sounds, Practical Examples of Phonetic Analysis as they affect French Language.

 

FRE321: Advanced Studies in French Language Structures I (2 Credit Units C)

Definitions of Grammar, Definitions of Structure, Definitions of Grammatical Structures, Scope of Grammar, Nature of Grammar, Types of Grammar: Traditional, Structural and Transformational Generative Grammar, Branches of Grammar: Morphology, Phonology, Semantics and Syntax, Methods of Grammatical Analysis: Syntagmatic and Paradigmatic Analysis; Diachronic and Synchronic Studies of French Grammar

 

FRE331: Advanced Formal and Informal Writing in French (3 Credit Units E)

The course provides the students the techniques to have more practice in the writing of letters, reports, commentaries etc.

 

FRE341: Oral Communication Skills in French I (2 Credit Units C)

This course introduces students to oral communication skills in French. These are to be developed with the aid of laboratory work, films, slides, games, songs and constant practice.

 

FRE351: 17th Century French Literature (3 Credit Units E)

Focus of 17th Century French literature, Scope of 17th Century French literature, Historical Perspective/Origin of 17th Century French literature, 17th Century Socio-Political Events that facilitated and influenced the emergence of the literary works of that period, Importance of 17th Century French literature, Analysis of the three types of Genre in the 17th Century French Literature: Poetry, Prose and Drama. Literary appreciation through figures of speech of the 17th Century, Analysis of the aesthetic function of the 17th Century French Literature, Messages or Philosophy of 17th Century French literature, Analysis of the Influence and Dominance of ‘Académie Française’ and the ‘Classicisme’ Movement on the 17th Century French Literature.

 

FRE361: Introduction to Francophone African Novel (2 Credit Units C)

This course treats novels written by Francophone African writers. It deals with the general definitions, nature and specificity of the Francophone African experiences.

 

FRE371: Introduction to the French Novel (2 Credit Units C)

The course focuses on the prose fiction of the French. It treats its main features and aesthetical elements.

 

FRE302: Translation (Theme et Version) (2 Credit Units C)

Expansion in the Scope of Translation, Nature of Translation, Utilisation of Various Branches of Translation: Literal, Theme, Calque, Equivalent etc to Translate, Methods of Translation: Methods of French-English Translation and Methods of English-French Translation, Samples of Practical Translation of some English texts, Samples of Practical Translation of some French texts, Analyses of some selected French Texts Translations, Analysis of some selected English Texts Translations, Influence of Grammar of English and French on Translation.

 

FRE312: Introduction to Research in French (2 Credit Units C)

Definitions of Research Methodology, Importance of Research Methodology, Scope of Research Methodology, Focus of Research Methodology, Identification of Topic in Research Methodology, Selection of a good title in Research Methodology, Development of Hypotheses in Research Methodology, Use of Library in Research Methodology, Documentation in Research Methodology, Gathering of Data in Research Methodology, Analysis of Data in Research Methodology, Literature review in Research Methodology, Report Writing in Research Methodology, Researcher and Supervisor. The end result of the study should not be less than 30 pages written in French or in English (for International Relations).

 

 

FRE322: Advanced Studies in French Language Structures II (2 Credit Units C)

Definitions of ‘Yes and No’ types of Sentence Structures, Description of ‘Yes and No’ types of Sentence Structures, Features of ‘Yes and No’ types of Sentence Structures, Methods of Analysing ‘Yes and No’ types of Sentence Structures: Paradigmatic Analysis of ‘Yes and No’ types of Sentence Structures, Syntagmatic Analysis of ‘Yes and No’ types of Sentence Structures, Utilisation of Traditional Grammar to Analyse ‘Yes and No’ types of Sentence Structures, Utilisation of Structural Grammar to Analyse ‘Yes and No’ types of Sentence Structures, Utilisation of Transformational Generative Grammar to Analyse ‘Yes and No’ types of Sentence Structures, ‘Yes and No’ types of Sentence Structures and the Syntactic Movement Rules, Extraction and Landing Sites in ‘Yes and No’ types of Sentence Structures, ‘Yes and No’ types of Sentence Structures and the Empty Category Rules, Methods of identification and constructing ‘Yes and No’ types of Sentence Structures.

 

FRE332: Advanced Formal and Informal Writing in French II (2 Credit Units E)

This is a continuation of FRE331. More work will done here to further students’ skills in writing.

 

 

FRE342: Oral Communication Skills in French II (2 Credit Units C)

This course is a continuation of FRE341. More work will be done on oral communication skills in French.

 

FRE352: French Literature in the 18th Century (3 Credit Units E)

Focus of 18th Century French literature, Scope of 18th Century French literature, Historical Perspective/Origin of 18th Century French literature, 18th Century Socio-Political Events that facilitated and influenced the emergence  of the literary works of that period, Importance of 18th Century French literature, Analysis of the three types of Genre in the 18th Century French Literature: Poetry, Prose and Drama. Literary appreciation through figures of speech of the 18th Century, Analysis of the aesthetic function of the 18th Century French Literature, Messages or Philosophy of 18th Century French literature, Analysis of the Influence and Dominance of ‘Pré-romantisme’ Movement on the 18th Century French Literature, Analysis of the Influence and Dominance of authors such as Diderot, Voltaire, Rousseau etc. on the 18th Century French Literature.

 

FRE362: Francophone African Culture and Civilisation (2 Credit Units C)

This course traces the evolution of Francophone African society from the Berlin Conference to the independence era. This include historical and geographical perspective of Francophone African Countries, The  Social life of Francophone African Countries, The  Political life of Francophone African Countries, The  cultural life of Francophone African Countries, The  economic life of Francophone African Countries, Teaching and learning in Francophone African Countries, Religion in Francophone African Countries, Festivals in Francophone African Countries, Music and Song in Francophone African Countries, Marriage and Family in Francophone African Countries, Economy of Francophone African Countries, Transportation in Francophone African Countries, Leisure and Tourism in Francophone African Countries, Trade Unionism in Francophone African Countries, Francophone African Countries.

 

FRE372: Caribbean French Literature (2 Credit Units E)

This course deals with the works of major francophone writers of the Caribbean origin such as Jacques Roumain etc. 

 

FRE382  Comparative African Literature in English and French (2 Credit Units E)

The course is a careful study of the representative works major Anglophone and Francophone African writers. Students will guided to appreciate the essence of comparative literature.

 

ENG331: Introduction to Semantics (3 Credit Units E)

Definitions of Semantics, Scope of Semantics, Importance of Semantics in Linguistic Studies, Sense properties and sense relations in Semantics, Problem of word versus sentence meaning in Semantics, Theories of meaning, Methods of Semantic Analysis of Words and Sentences etc., Situation of topics within the general framework of linguistics. 

 

 

 

FOURTH YEAR

 

FRE401: Advanced Translation I (3 Credit Units C)

The course exposes students to advanced application of theories of translation through rigorous translation activities which involve translation from English to French and vice versa.

 

FRE411: French Literary Criticism (2 Credit Units E)

The course involves a systematic application of problems and methods or theories of literary criticism such as sociological, feminism and Marxism in literary criticism.

 

FRE421: Advanced Studies in French Language Structures III (2 Credit Units C)

Definitions of ‘NP’ types of Sentence Structures, Description of ‘NP’ types of Sentence Structures, Features of ‘NP’ types of Sentence Structures, Methods of Analysing ‘NP’ types of Sentence Structures: Paradigmatic Analysis of ‘NP’ types of Sentence Structures, Syntagmatic Analysis of ‘NP’ types of Sentence Structures, Utilisation of Traditional Grammar to Analyse ‘NP’ types of Sentence Structures, Utilisation of Structural Grammar to Analyse ‘NP’ types of Sentence Structures, Utilisation of Transformational Generative Grammar to Analyse ‘NP’ types of Sentence Structures, ‘NP’ types of Sentence Structures and the Syntactic Movement Rules, Extraction and Landing Sites in ‘NP’ types of Sentence Structures, ‘NP’ types of Sentence Structures and the Empty Category Rules, Methods of identification and constructing ‘NP’ types of Sentence Structures.

 

FRE431: Advanced Creative Writing in French (2 Credit Units C)

This course targets the development of students’ skills in creative writing of short stories, plays and poetry in French.

 

FRE454: Nigerian Literature of French Expression (2 Credit Units C)

Representative texts of Nigerian writers who have written in French: Osaji, Ajiboye, Balogun etc. shall be studied, with emphasis on the themes and use of French by the writers.

 

FRE461: Post-Independence Francophone African Literature (Prose and Drama) (2 Credit Units C)

Definitions of Post-Independence Francophone African literature written in French, Focus of Post-Independence Francophone African literature written in French, Scope of Post-Independence Francophone African literature written in French, Historical Perspective/Origin of Post-Independence Francophone African literature written in French, The Influence of African Socio-Political Events on Post-Independence Francophone African literature written in French, Importance of Post-Independence Francophone African literature written in French, Post-Independence Francophone African literature written in French and the Verbal War against Neo-Colonialism, Prose and Drama in Post-Independence Francophone African literature written in French,. Literary appreciation through figures of speech in Post-Independence Francophone African literature written in French, Analysis of the aesthetic function of Post-Independence Francophone African literature written in French, Messages or Philosophy of Post-Independence Francophone African literature written in French.

 

FRE471: Culture and Civilisation of Member Countries of the Francophonie (2 Credit Units C)

The course will treat the definition of “Francophonie”, identify some member countries of la Francophonie, as well the treat the social and Political life of such countries.

 

ENG411: ENGLISH FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES  (2 Credit Units E)

Adoption of English to particular circumstances and purposes; specialized varieties of English: the language of Journalism, bureaucracy, science and technology, ordinary conversation, etc. Short project involving a particular field of study.

 

FRE402: Advanced Translation II (2 Credit Units C)

This course is a follow up of FRE 401. More work on translation will be done.

 

FRE422: Advanced Studies in French Language Structures IV (2 Credit Units E)

Definitions of ‘WH-’ types of Sentence Structures, Description of ‘WH-’ types of Sentence Structures, Features of ‘WH-’ types of Sentence Structures, Methods of Analysing ‘WH-’ types of Sentence Structures: Paradigmatic Analysis of ‘WH-’ types of Sentence Structures, Syntagmatic Analysis of ‘WH-’ types of Sentence Structures, Utilisation of Traditional Grammar to Analyse ‘WH-’ types of Sentence Structures, Utilisation of Structural Grammar to Analyse ‘WH-’ types of Sentence Structures, Utilisation of Transformational Generative Grammar to Analyse ‘WH-’ types of Sentence Structures, ‘WH-’ types of Sentence Structures and the Syntactic Movement Rules, Extraction and Landing Sites in ‘WH-’ types of Sentence Structures, ‘WH-’ types of Sentence Structures and the Empty Category Rules, Methods of identification and constructing ‘WH-’ types of Sentence Structures.

 

FRE422: Francophone Literature (Pre and Post-Independence Poetry) (2 Credit Units C)

Definitions of Pre and Post Independence Francophone African Poetry written in French, the scope of Pre and Post Independence Francophone African. Historical Perspective/Origin of Pre and Post Independence Francophone African Poetry, the Influence of Negritude on Pre and Post Independence Francophone African Poetry, the Influence of African Socio-Political Events on Pre and Post Independence Francophone African Poetry, the importance of Pre and Post Independence Francophone African Poetry, the Verbal War against Colonialism and Neo-Colonialism, Literary appreciation through figures of speech in Pre and Post Independence Francophone African Poetry, analysis of the aesthetic function of Pre and Post Independence Francophone African literature Poetry written in French, Messages or Philosophy of Pre and Post Independence Francophone African Poetry.

 

FRE424: Project in French and International Studies (6 Credit Units C)

Production in French that would a results of an in-depth research on a topic to be drawn from French Literature, Francophone African literature, French Grammar, Francophone cultures, civilization and comparative study relating to francophone countries and Nigeria or any other researchable topic.  The study should not be less than 30 pages.

 

FRE451: 20th Century French Literature (2 Credit Units C)

Focus of 20th Century French literature, Scope of 20th Century French literature, Historical Perspective/Origin of 20th Century French literature, 20th Century Socio-Political Events that facilitated and influenced the emergence  of the literary works of that period,  Importance of 20th Century French literature, Analysis of the three types of Genre in the 20th Century French Literature: Poetry, Prose and Drama. Literary appreciation through figures of speech of the 20th Century, Analysis of the aesthetic function of the 20th Century French Literature, Messages or Philosophy of 20th Century French literature, Analysis of the Influence and Dominance of ‘L’Absurdité et la Révolte camusienne’ as well as ‘L’Existentialisme sartrien’ Movements on the 20th Century French Literature, Analysis of the Influence and Dominance of authors such as Albert Camus and Jean-Paul Sartre etc. on the 20th Century French Literature.

 

 

FRE412 Multilingualism and Language Contact (2 Credit Units C)

The definition and manifestations of multilingualism shall be treated, focusing on the contact of French language and other languages, resulting in the emergence of varieties of French.

 

ENG414 SPEECH WRITING (2 CREDIT UNITS E)

Introduction – What speech writing entails, The Communication process and the context of speech writing. Basic principles of Speech writing, Types of speech, e.g. expository, analytical etc.  The step of quality speech writing, e.g., choosing topics, sourcing for information etc.  Logic, Language and Style in speech writing.  Review of selected speeches, Learners should be made to write at least 3 speeches to test their understanding of the different steps in speech writing.

 

  1. Instructional Methods
  2. a) Language of Instruction

The Programme makes use of two languages as language of instruction. French serves as the language of instruction for all French courses while English Language is used for all borrowed courses.

 

  1. b) Course Study Materials

Course development is an integral part of Instructional design within the Open and Distance learning system. The entire Courses in the programme are designed using the minimum academic standards prepared by the NUC and developed in line with an approved curriculum to meet the professional and educational needs of the target group.

 

The Course contents are written by a team of experts in the various areas of specialisation. These are reviewed from time to time to achieve specific learning objectives.

 

Each study material is accompanied by a Course Guide that describes the aim, objectives of the Course, various topic contents and how to work through the Course.

 

Each study material identifies topics that make up Modules and Units. Study Units are developed and written addressing these topics together with exercises which students can attempt to evaluate themselves and Tutor-Marked Assignments which student are expected to complete and submit for assessment.

 

  1. c) Instructional methods and delivery:

Our instructional method is not like the conventional University method of face-to-face lecture system: we deliver lectures through the distribution, during registration, the developed and well packaged printed course materials that students could read at their convenient time. The soft copy of these materials is downloaded on the Internet at our Website. Lectures and facilitation also take place at our study centres spread across the country. For the oral aspect of language learning, audio tapes will be provided to accompany the study materials.

 

I0. Quality Assurance

We maintain high level of quality assurance for all our courses. We insist on Total Quality Management (TQM) of all our programmes through qualitative method of admission that selects the best of qualified applicants, rigorous method of material development that allows for only the best egg heads available to generate items for us, adequate supervision of study centres to see to the smooth running of tutorials, tests and examinations.

 

  1. Evaluation

11.1. Tutor Marked Assignments.

For quality assurance purposes Tutor-Marked Assignments are provided at the end of each unit of studies. These serve as Continuous Assessment of the students. They are marked at the Study Centers by the Facilitators. The scripts are returned to the students to identify areas of their strength and area of weaknesses that should be improved upon. The marks are kept in the students records and average of best three TMA scores constitutes 30 per cent of the total marks of each Course.

 

11.2. End of Term Examinations

All Courses registered by the students are examined at the end of every Semester. Examination questions and Marking Scheme are prepared by academic staff and are internally moderated by senior members in the faculty with regards to phraseology, clarity and contents of each question. Marks in the examinations shall constitute 70 percent of total marks. The TMA marks will be added to this at the end of the whole evaluation of the Course. The rules and regulations and instruction to conduct of examination are applied from time to time.

 

11.3. Marking of Examination Scripts

The pen-on-paper end of Semester examinations for 300 and 400 levels is marked through conference marking in various centres designated by the Directorate for Examinations and Assessment of the University. However, for the e-examinations, students’ answers are marked and graded electronically and instantly. The Semester examination constitutes 70 per cent of total score. The pass mark for the final examination is 40 per cent of the total score.

 

  1. STAFFING:

We appoint only qualified candidates as staff and facilitators that come to the aid of our students on request. We have three permanent staff at the Headquarters:

 

 

Departmental Staff

 

S/No

Name

Qualification

Status

1.

Prof. Doris Obieje

 

Professor

2.

Ms. Jummai Lucy Jibrin

Diploma (French Language) University of Maiduguri, 1984; B.A (French) University of Maiduguri, 1988; M.A (Translation) University of Lagos, 1997; PGD (Distance Education) Indira Ghandi Open University, 2006.

Lecturer I

3.

Mr. Sai Iorvaa Peverga

B.A (French) University of Jos, 1997; M.A (French) Benue State University, 2011; M.Sc. (International Relations and Strategic Studies) Benue State University, 2001.

Lecturer II

 

  1. Learner Support Services

Student Counsellors are available at the Study Centres to cater for the academic needs of learners.

 

 

  1. Recognition Of The Programme

The programme has been carefully prepared in line with NUC guidelines as well as international standards.

 

  1. Target Students

The B.A. French programme has been designed for persons who wish to upgrade their qualifications or upgrade their French language skills to handle the demands of their current occupation or those who desire careers that require a working knowledge of French.

 

  1. Students Enrolment and Projection

There is large number of people who have O/L qualification in French as well as those with Diploma Certificate from The Nigerian French Language and Alliance Franҫaise who desire to acquire profound knowledge of the language at degree level. We hope that this group of people will enrol massively in the programme.

 

  1. Conclusion

In view of the low percentage of the Nigerian population that have the knowledge of French, this programme is quite relevant as it will provide an opportunity for intending learners to avail. In addition, the programme would enhance the learners’ ability to do independent logical reasoning that is essential for intelligent decision making. A development of aesthetic ability through creative works is expected to arise from going through this programme. In this wise, career opportunities abound for graduates of the programme in a vast number of industries. French language as a language of common in the modern global world is vital for the nation’s development and participation in global issues. The ability to reason independently is also expected to create in the students the ability to be solution providers in many areas of human endeavour.

 

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